Laravel: Specified key was too long error on migration

When you install a new Laravel project with ‘laravel new’ and run the migration that comes with it you might get following error:

#php artisan migrate
Migration table created successfully.


 [Illuminate\Database\QueryException]
 SQLSTATE[42000]: Syntax error or access violation: 1071 Specified key was too long; max key length is 767 bytes (SQL: alter table `users` add unique `users_email_unique`(`email`))

[PDOException]
 SQLSTATE[42000]: Syntax error or access violation: 1071 Specified key was too long; max key length is 767 bytes

To solve this error edit your app/Providers/AppServiceProvider.php file.

Add the namespace:

use Illuminate\Support\Facades\Schema;

and then add the following line in boot() method of your AppServiceProvider class.

use Illuminate\Support\Facades\Schema;

class AppServiceProvider extends ServiceProvider
{
 /**
 * Bootstrap any application services.
 *
 * @return void
 */
 public function boot()
 {
   Schema::defaultStringLength(191);
 } 
}

This should solve your problem. Just delete all the tables and run the migration again.

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Setup Laravel with Docker containers

Docker

Docker has captured my attention lately and has been growing exponentially for last few years. Docker has revolutionized the virtualization space and has given DevOps engineers and developers a new set of tools that can ease their development as well as infrastructure resource utilization. Mostly Node.js apps have been deployed with Docker but it is not limited to only that. If you’ve been developing apps for web using PHP and Laravel framework then you are lucky that community has developed some great tools to utilize docker in their development workflow. If you are new to Docker and want to learn more about Docker then visit their website docker.com specially the section What is Docker?

Laradock

Laradock does the hard part and facilitate developers to quickly and easily setup Laravel development environment in seconds. Follow the these steps to get started.

Setup fresh environment then install Laravel inside docker

  • Create project directory. e.g. myproject
  • Create another directory within myproject directory for source that you will use commit to git repo. eg. app
  • Clone the laradock repo inside myproject folder, this will create laradock folder
git clone https://github.com/laradock/laradock.git
  • Edit the docker-compose.yml file to map to your project directory once you have it (eg. – ../app:/var/www)
  • Run the following command
docker-compose up -d nginx mysql redis beanstalkd
  • Enter the workspace
docker-compose exec workspace bash
  • cd to /var
  • Install Laravel
composer create-project laravel/laravel www
  • Open your .env file and set the following
DB_HOST=mysql
REDIS_HOST=redis
QUEUE_HOST=beanstalkd

Now open your browser and visit http://localhost

You will see running Laravel app. That was cool!

You can also connect to mysql using these settings.

Host: localhost
User: root
Password: root

If you want to add more services see the official laradock docs. It support tons of other services like memcache, pgsql etc.

Daily Use

Following are some docker related commands that you want to use on daily basis once your development environment is setup.

  • To bring up the servers to run application
docker-compose up -d nginx mysql
  • Enter workspace container to run commands like artisan, composer, phpunit, gulp etc.
docker-compose exec workspace bash

or on Windows PowerShell

docker exec -it {containerid} bash
  • List current running containers
docker ps
  • List current project containers
docker-compose ps
  • Close all running containers
docker-compose stop
  • Delete all existing containers
docker-compose down
  • View the log files
docker logs {container-name}

 

 

List of FREE services Startups should be using

I have curated a list of free tools, services, and apps that startups could and in fact should use to grow at the initial stage. Free doesn’t mean they lack quality, instead these free tools are from top-notch companies like RedHat, Google, Asana, GitHub and in all areas from infrastructure to version controlling to marketing and sales to project management.

Have a look at this list here and don’t forget to give your feedback.

I compiled this list a long time ago and recently updated it but it still might have some outdated links that I didn’t get chance to update yet. Feel free to let me know and I’ll update it.

Enjoy!